The face is a person’s main centre of expression.
This expression is founded on a harmonious combination of a perfect bone structure, normally functioning facial muscles, and a tight and healthy skin.
People have always wanted to achieve this ideal, and this pursuit formed the basis for the explosive growth of maxillofacial surgery, aesthetic facial surgery and aesthetic skin treatment.
Mechanism of facial aging
A healthy skin may be defined as skin of normal thickness, color and fluid content, normal elasticity (absence of wrinkles), and absence of abnormal pigmentation and allergic reactions.
This perfect skin or “childhood skin” gradually changes under the influence of the sun, use of alcohol and nicotine, and changes in body weight.
Skin elasticity diminishes and facial expression causes the first wrinkles:
- crow’s feet
- forehead wrinkles
- upper and lower lip wrinkles
- wrinkles between nose and cheek
- wrinkles from the corners of the mouth to the chin
Basic treatment for aging skin
The first fine wrinkles appear around the age of 30; the skin becomes finer and thinner, and begins to lose its elasticity.
At this stage the situation is still perfectly reversible.
- Good protection against the sun
- Restriction of nicotine and alcohol consumption
- Balanced diet with plenty of fruit and vegetables, and sufficient vitamin A (fish oil, egg yolk)
- Daily application of a skin cream containing vitamin A (retinol) or vitamin A acid (cream with tretinoin).
- Application of limited doses of botulinum toxin to neutralize the effect of aging
- Filling up and supporting incipient wrinkles with fillers (hyaluronic acid and collagen)
As the aging process advances, changes occur in the structure of the skin. The skin becomes finer, drier and less elastic.
WAYS TO IMPROVE THE SKIN THE SKIN STRUCTURE
- peels containing fruit acid, trichloroacetic acid, and phenol
- collagen-inducing needling therapies
RESTORING THE SUBCUTANEOUS FATTY TISSUE
Filling with long-acting fillers or own fatty tissue